Psalterium duplex (Latin-Greek)


St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen, Cod. Sang. 1395 II

Maria Adelaida Andres Sanz, 2017

General Information

Material: Parchment

Script, Hands:

Carolingian minuscule.

Later gothic initials (14th-15th c.?) in red have been added at the beginning of each Latin verse (odd pages). Greek verses without initials.

General Remarks:

Others scripts:

.- Gothic (13th c. ?): marginal and interlinear notes.

.- (When reused) a 17th-18th c. hand wrote on pp. 339 and 344, and 341-342 the book titles on the spines of their hostvolumes.

Current Condition

More about the Current Condition:

.- p. 336-337: Three strips vertically cut and sewn. The triangle-shaped cuts on their edges as well as the folding marks show exactly how two of them were used to bind a book. Parasite holes are seen in there. The part at exposure has been different in every one of the first two upright strips of this fragment. The outer is the darkest one on page 336. On the contrary, the middle strip is darkest one on p. 337.  

.- p. 338-339 and 344-345. marks of three folds in pp. 338-339: the vertical one 40mm away from the inner edge of the folio, and others are across, 20mm away from the top margin and ca. 4 mm from the bottom one. A hole is currently found where the upper and lower folds crisscross (the cover corner which hid on the top). The upper fold and the hole affect the text of the marginal note. These folds let us notice that these two pages, together with pp. 344-345 made up a book cover (pp. 338 and 345 were the inner part, and 339-344 the outer). On the bottom of pp. 344 and 339 (upside-down) part of the title written on the original spine is still visible: “Meta = physica / The<si>bus (¿?) diß/” [?]). In the left margin, on the lower half of p. 338 an odd shape is designed with a blunt punch (?). Two circles “holding up” a kind of inverted triangle, with a close splitting line into a trapeze and another triangle.    

.- p. 340-343: bifolium; book cover (p. 340 and 343 inner part; p. 341-342 outer part).  

.- p. 346-347: Three sewn strips, two out of them seem to have been used as book cover, with triangle-shaped cuts in order to remove its tips and folds.  Sets 1,2 and 3 from the current inside out : 2 (346  inner part, 347 outer part, folds towards the inside cover) 3 (346 outer part, folds towards the inside cover; 347 inner part) An animal’s head is drawn in this third set.  

.- p. 348-351: they could have been used as another book cover, whose size would be similar to that of the aforementioned. Its outer parts are pp. 349-350. They do not make up a bifolium, but two leaves sewn to parchment scraps (?) (cfr. infra)  

.- pp. 348-349 have been slightly cut in their outer margin. The first one is placed 50mm away from the current top edge (12mm) and the second (10mm) set in 92mm from the tip of the first and 50mm from the current outer edge of this side of the folio.  Next to this second one, an oxide stain (?) can be seen about 10mm across inwards on p. 348. At the same level of the first one there is a symmetrical cut with the fold of the edge as an axis, what could be understood as closure system. Similarly levelled signs can be observed on pp. 350-351.  

.- Offsets from other texts remain on pp. 353-354 (the surface marked by folds is a rectangle that lies on both leaves, around 310mm long, 205-215 high, depending on where they are measured). The offset of the text on page 353 (its lines are upright concerning the current page format) appears to be gothic with ca. 8-9 line spacing. The offset of a column visible on the outer margin on page 354 could be suitable with VL fragments from csg 1398b (line spacing is 7-8mm wide).


  • Content Item
    • Text Language: Greek (phonetic transliteration) and Latin
    • Title: Psalterium duplex (Latin-Greek)
    • Content Description:

      p.336 (Greek): Ps 30,22-31,5 ulogitos kyrrios (sic). oti... -…<t>in anomia mu . egnorisa  

      p. 337-338 (Latin-Greek): p. 337 (Latin): Ps. 31,5-11 et iniustitias meas…-…recti corde // p.338 (Greek) Ps. 31,5-11 ce tin amartian mu. uc ecalipsa…-…ce cauchasthe pantes hi euthis ti cardía.

      p. 339-340 (Latin-Greek): p. 339 (Latin): Ps. 32,1-12 Exultate iusti… hereditatem sibi // p.340 (Greek): Ps 32, 1-12 <A>gallisasthe dicei . en kyrio…-…on ec exelaxato is clironomian eauto  

      p. 341-342 (Latin-Greek): p. 341 (Latin): Ps. 32,13-22 De cęlo respexit …-sperauimus in te // p. 342 (Greek): Ps 32, 13-22 ---- epeblepsen kyrios iden pantas…-…elpisamen epi si  

      p. 343-344 (Latin-Greek): p. 343 (Latin): Ps. 33,2-13 Benedicam domino in omni tempore… qui uult uitam // p.344 (Greek): Ps. 33,2-13 ---ulogiso ton kyrion epi panti cero…-…<T>is estin anthropos o thelon zoin  

      p. 345-346 (Latin-Greek): p. 345 (Latin): Ps 33,13-23 diligit dies uidere bonos… - … qui sperant in eo // p. 346 (Greek): Ps 33,13-23 agapon imeras idi<n agapa>s…-…ce u mi plimmelysusin (sic) pantes i elpizontes ep auton  

      p. 347 (Latin): Ps. 34,1- 10 Iudica domine nocentes…- …quis similis tui  

      p. 348 (Greek): Ps. 38,13-39,6 <M>i parasiopisis oti paricos ego imi para su…-…<A>piggila ce elalasa eplithinthisan  

      p. 349 (Latin): Ps. 39,6-13 : super numerum …-...cor meum derelinquit me // p.350 (Greek): Ps 39, 6-13 iper  arithmon…-… ce i cardía mu encatelipen me  

      p. 351 (Latin): Ps 39,14-40,3 complaceat tibi… -... inimicorum eius  

      p. 352 (Greek): Ps. 43,17-27 <A>pofonis onidizontos ce talaluntos (sic)…-…enecen tu onomatos su  

      p. 353-354 (Latin-Greek): p. 353 (Latin): Ps 44,2-10 Eructavit cor meum… -...a dextris tuis in uestitu // p. 354 (Greek): Ps 44,2-10 <E>xireuxato I cardia mu logon agathon…-…<P>aresti i basilissa ec dexion sv (sic) en imatismo  

      p. 355 (Latin): Ps 44,10-45,3 Deaurato circumdata uarietate …- …dum turbabitur terra  

      p.356 (Greek) 45,3-46,2 ce metatithesthe ori en cardies thalasson…-…alalaxate to theo eufoni agallaaseos (sic)  

      p. 357 (Latin): Ps. 46,3-47,8 excelsus terribilis… - … in spiritu uehementi  

      p. 358 (Greek): Ps 117,28-118,7 <E>xomologisome si oti epicusas mu…-…tis diceosynis su  

      p. 359 (Latin): Ps118,9-19 in custodiendo sermones tuos… - … incola ego sum in terra  

      p. 360 (Greek): Ps. 118, 31-43 mi me cateschinis…-…<C>e mi perielis ec tu stomatus (sic) mu logon  

      p. 361 (Latin): Ps. 118, 44-53 et in sęculum sęculi …-... derelinquentibus legem tuam


Remarks (history):

These manuscript fragments were collected by I. von Arx in 1822 together with many others preserved under the signatures csg 1394 to 1399. They were probably rebound as a separate book ca. 1940, when J. Duft was librarian at Sankt Gallen.

Host Volume


pp. 338-339 + 344-345 and pp. 340-343  have been used as book covers for some philosophical treatises:

.- pp. 338-339 + 344-345 (bifolium): book cover (pp. 338 and 345 were the inner part, and 339-344 the outer). On the bottom of pp. 344 and 339 (upside-down) part of the title written on the original spine is still visible: “Meta = physica / The<si>bus (¿?) diß/” (17th-18th c.?)

.- pp. 340-341 + 342-343 (bifolium): book cover; part of the title written on the spine is still visible (p. 341-342, inner margins): “Phy = sicae uite (¿?) / Pars (¿?) 3tia / Anima (¿?)”(same hand, 17th-18th c.?)

(Nota bene: similar series of philosophical lectures in  Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek Cod. 1739-1745 [cfr. Scarpatetti, B.- Duft, J., Die Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen. Codices 1726-1984 (14.-19. Jahrhundert), Stiftsbibliothek Sankt Gallen, 1983, p. 15-16] and Graübunden, Staatsarchiv B135 [cfr. Jenny, R. (Hrsg.), Handschriften aus Privatbesitz im Staatsarchiv Graubünden, Chur, 1974, p. 141: “Pars secunda et tertia Philosophiae seu Physica et Metaphysica a Jacobo Scarpatetto ab under Wegen Conterensi Rhaeto suscepta Brixiae Ao. 1703”]).


  • Selected Bibliography:

    .- Scherrer, Verzeichniss…,  pp. 461-464, pp. 461-462 (nota bene: only Ps 30 to 47 are mentioned).

    .- Gryson, R. (2004), Altlateinische Handschriften. Manuscrits vieux latins 1/2B, Freiburg im Breisgau, Herder, 2004, p. 93, nr. 336 (with bibliographical references) (nota bene: only Ps 30 to 47 are mentioned).

    .- Ganz, D. (2012), “Carolingian Bibles”, in Mardsen, Richard & Matten, E. Ann (eds), The new Cambridge History of the Bible. Vol. 2: From 600 to 1500, Cambridge. C.U.P., pp. 325-337, pp. 335-336.

    .- Dora, C. (2015), “Ruinen aus Pergament”, in Hans Peter und Wolfgang Schmitz (Hrsg.), Fragment und Makulatur. Überlieferungsstörungen und Forschungsbedarf bei Kulturgut in Archiven und Bibliotheken, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, pp. 51-77 + 407-426, p. 70.  

    Other references:

    .- e-codices

    .- Sankt Gallen Bibliotheksnetz Catalog (SGBN)